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Isopanishad commentators

Raam Haree
It is said in the Upanishad, “Into a blind darkness they enter who follow after the Ignorance, they as if into a greater darkness who devote themselves to the Knowledge alone”. Shankara says, “I am not willing to give to the words vidyā (knowledge) and avidyā (ignorance) their ordinary sense”; vidyā signifies here devavidyā, “the science of propitiating the gods”. The Upanishad declares, “vināśena mṛtyum tīrtvā sambhūtyāmṛtamaśnute”, “by the dissolution crosses beyond death and by the Birth enjoys Immortality”. Shankara says it has to be read as asambhūtyāmṛtam, “by Non-Birth enjoys Immortality”, and vināśa (dissolution) as signifying here “birth”. In the same way a commentator of the Dualistic School, when he came across the word tattvamasi, “Thou art That”, indicated that it should be read as atat tvamasi, “Thou art that other one”. A prominent teacher of the Mayavada who came after Shankara adopted a different means; he satisfied himself by expelling the Isha Upanishad f…